ABS211 - Beyond the literal: The comprehension of humor texts by subjects with Down syndrome
Poster in a Structured Poster Session (SPS)
5:00 PM, mercredi 30 août 2017 (1 heure)
Convention Center - 2101
Scholars of Down Syndrome (DS) point out that subjects under this condition have difficulties in the operation of abstract thinking and understanding of non-literal texts, as jokes. According to Vygotsky, everyone can learn. The aim of this research was to analyze the difficulties that young people with DS present in the understanding of humor texts. The target audience was composed of six young people with DS, between nineteen and twenty-two years old. The methodological procedures involved the presentation of 4 small comics in two sections, with three days interval. In both, stories were presented, and the young people were asked to read and report the illustrated facts, demonstrating an understanding of jokes. When they didn’t show it, instrumental mediations were performed. In the second section, the same jokes were retaken, seeing if they held understandings and how long it took them to respond. As a result, we highlight: in the first presentation of each joke, we observed that the subjects required several mediators clues to understand the non-literal content. One reason is due to the fact that they do not pay attention to the entire content displayed by focusing only on details of the material. In the second section, the majority of the subjects came to fully understanding of the jokes, showing assimilation of the idea of non-literal text and, moreover, they were faster in understanding new jokes submitted. It is concluded that the subjects reached appropriation of non-literal thinking from instrumental mediations, being the mediator is a key part to organize their thoughts.