ABS181 - Between marginalization and participation: Knotworking in the social situation of development of young people at risk of social exclusion
Paper in a Working Group Roundtable (WGRT)
3:50 PM, Mercredi 30 Août 2017 (1 heure)
Convention Center - 2000 A - Table E
Our paper draws on Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal development and Leontiev’s Activity Theory to discuss the social situation of development of young people at risk of social exclusion as studied through the identification of the individual’s activity system and the activity system of institutions in which young people stay (school, Educational Facility, club). We explore changes in the position of the adult as an interaction co-participant that opens the space of shared activity. The aim of the club (in which we implemented our project over one year in a big city in Poland) was to produce a social environment underpinned by dialogic interactions facilitating understanding of new social meanings and acquisition of competences for creating knots of activities in society. Creating the knots, we took into account the scope of knots of activities and social activity, the degree of hierarchization, and the overall structure. We expanded their scope by starting cooperation in new social spaces. The main results of our intervention research were: creation of knots of activities that promote meeting the needs of all the parties involved through dialogic interactions; development of various types of the young people’s agency (from recipients to co-creators) through changing the system of social activities; and transformation of the existing knots of activities of the young people and of activities of the school, the Educational Facility, the local community, and parents through producing a setting of horizontal collaboration.