Identifying pathways to reduce discrepancies between ecosystem service demand and provision using a novel participatory method

Thème:
Ecology and Society
Quoi:
Talk
Quand:
vendredi 20 déc.   01:45 PM à 02:00 PM (15 minutes)
Où:
Salle AB
Discussion:
0
Discrepancies between ecosystem service demand – that is, the types and amounts of ecosystem services people would ideally like to benefit from – and the actual provision of services reflect people’s inability to receive desired benefits from nature, and can lead to conflict. Ecosystem service science has made progress in assessing discrepancies between ecosystem service demand and provision, however, little research focuses on identifying suitable actions that could be taken to reduce discrepancies. We develop a novel method that uses stakeholder analysis, a survey, and a participatory workshop to generate information about ecosystem service demand and provision discrepancies, and facilitates the community based creation of ideas for actions that can be taken to reduce them. We test these methods in a multifunctional region located alongside the Outaouais River, in the southern part of the municipalities of Bristol and Pontiac, Quebec, Canada. The results of our case study show how people can benefit from a wide array of ecosystem services on diverse components of multifunctional landscapes, but do not necessarily benefit from services equally. Provided with the opportunity, people came up with ideas for locally relevant actions that could be taken to reduce the majority of identified discrepancies between ecosystem service demand and provision. Key findings related to the methods we develop also emerged: different knowledge types can be complemented to create a broader, more complete picture of how people benefit from nature; assessing satisfaction levels helps uncover nuances associated to discrepancies between ecosystem service demand and provision; social-learning can help develop novel ideas of actions to reduce those discrepancies; and, considering different perspectives of trade-offs can help avoid unanticipated and unwanted outcomes of actions. Researchers and practitioners seeking to understand discrepancies between ecosystem service demand and provision, and identify locally relevant actions to reduce those discrepancies can build from the methods we develop.
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