Comparing Geospatial Ontologies with Indigenous Conceptualizations of Time

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Thursday Sep 29   01:50 PM to 02:10 PM (20 minutes)
Geospatial OntologyTemporal OntologyIndigenous OntologiesTimeEastern CreeNorthern QuebecWemindji
The geographic domain has widely been studied in ontology research (see Agarwal 2005 for review). However, integrating the conceptualization of time and temporal referencing of geographic concepts in data models is a very complex task that is by no means “solved” (Agarwal 2005: 520; O'Sullivan 2005). Existing geospatial ontologies have adopted a model that distinguishes endurant entities (endure through time e.g. fixed natural features) from perdurant entities (e.g.: processes or events) (Grenon and Smith 2004). However, indigenous conceptualizations of time are far more sophisticated. Conventional ontologies make assumptions about time that fail to take into consideration indigenous notions including: 1. Time is not linear 2. Nothing is completely fixed in time 3. Time has agency and 4. Time is not temporal but social.
McGill University
McGill University

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