TH-P01-003-interactive - Do work units where bulling is present have more long-term sickness absence?

Bullying and harassment
Interactive Poster Presentation
Thursday May 18   11:00 AM to 12:30 PM (1 hour 30 minutes)
O'Brien Foyer
Conflict in organizations
Bullying and harassment
Do work units where bulling is present have more long-term sickness absence?
Å. M. Hansen 1 2,*, M. B. Grynderup 1, K. Nabe-Nielsen, P. M. Conway 3, J. P. Bonde 4, A. H. Garde 1 2, L. Kaerlev 5 6, E. G. Mikkelsen 7, R. Persson 8, R. Rugulies 2, A. Høgh 3
1Deparment of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, 2National Research Centre for the Working Environment, 3Department of Psychology, University of Copenhagen, 4Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Frederiksberg and Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, 5Research Unit of Clinical Epidemiology, Institute of Clinical Research, University of Southern Denmark, 6Center for Clinical Epidemiology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, 7CRECEA A/S, Arrhus, Denmark, 8Department of Psychology, Lund University, Sweden, Lund, Sweden
Content: Objective
The purpose of the study is to investigate the association between work unit (WU) level of workplace bullying and long term sickness absence (LTSA) among non-bullied colleagues.
In 2007 we invited 10036 Danish public employees, of which 4,489 responded by filling in a questionnaire on working conditions and health. Information about LTSA (≥30 consecutive days of sickness absence) was obtained by linkage to the Danish register of sickness absence compensation benefits and social transfer payments. We calculated the proportion of bullied employees at each work unit (0-100%). Next, we excluded all participants who had experienced a period of LTSA in 2005 or 2006 as well as all participants from WU with less than 5 respondents. Finally, we excluded all participants who reported workplace bullying from the analyses of the association between LTSA and WU level of bullying.
WU were classified as no-bullying (0% bullied, 119 WU, N=2,570), occasional bullying (2.6-9.5% bullied, 52 WU, N=2,181) and frequent bullying (10-50% bullied, 101 WU, N=2,481). Compared to no-bullying WUs, OR for LTSA was 1.26 [95% CI: 1.04-1.54] among occasional bullying and 1.30 [95% CI: 1.09-1.56] in frequent bullying WUs, adjusted for age and gender. Among responders we adjusted for age, gender, leisure time physical activity, smoking, alcohol, education and BMI and found ORs of 1.34 [95% CI: 1.02-1.76] among occasionally bullied and 1.32 [95% CI: 1.02-1.72].
This is the first study to show an association between work unit level of bullying and LTSA among non-bullied colleagues.


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