Sa-OR-S133-2 - Are Organizational Justice And Injustice Separate Constructs?

Organizational justice
Oral Presentation
Part of:
15 minutes
O'Connor Theatre
Conflict in organizations
Organizational justice
Are Organizational Justice and Injustice Separate Constructs?
O. Alkhadher*, H. Gadelrab
Content: Justice literature has recently begun to differentiate between justice and injustice. To address the issue that individuals react differently to justice than to injustice, and the notion that injustice has stronger effects than justice, Colquitt, Long, Rodell, & Halvorsen-Ganepola (2015) have developed new justice violation items that mirror the original Colquitt’s (2011) items which show only adherence to rules. They found that reaction to the adherence to the justice rulers reflects different constructs than reactions to the violation of justice rules. To what extent Colquitt et al. (2015) findings are applicable to a non-western culture deserves investigation? Using 1582 Kuwaiti participants, the current study assesses the incremental variance that injustice would explain in distraction and hostility beyond justice measure.
The organizational justice and injustice items were assessed using the Arabic measure of organizational justice (Alkhadher & Gadalreb, 2016). The original scale included 17 items intended to measure distributive (5 items), procedural (4 items), interpersonal (4 items), and informational (4 items) aspects of organizational justice. More 17 injustice items were created measuring the same four dimensions based on justice rule violations. The injustice items were reversed coded of the 17 justice items, not simply negative forms of them. Two dependent variables were used in regression analyses, distraction (6 items, Mayer & Gavin, 2005) and hostility (5 words, PANAS-X, 1999). All measures were assessed by a survey that was administered to employee groups at work.
Both EFA and CFA produced eight factors solution fit to the data (distributive justice; distributive injustice; procedural justice; procedural injustice; informational justice; informational injustice; and interpersonal justice and injustice).  Regression analyses indicated that the expected prediction of both distraction and hostility variance is supported, as injustice predicted significant amount of distraction and hostility variance beyond justice measure. 


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