SA-P01-040interactive - Individual difference variables and the occurrence and effectiveness of faking behavior in interviews

Track:
Validity of tests
What:
Interactive Poster Presentation
When:
Saturday May 20   11:00 AM to 12:30 PM (1 hour 30 minutes)
Where:
O'Brien Foyer
Discussion:
0
 
Employee Selection
Validity of tests
SA-P01-040interactive
Individual difference variables and the occurrence and effectiveness of faking behavior in interviews
A.-K. Buehl*, K. G. Melchers 1
1Ulm University, Ulm, Germany
 
Content: Purpose
There is widespread fear that applicants can fake during selection interviews and that this impairs the quality of selection decisions. Furthermore, several theories assume that faking occurrence is influenced by personality and attitudes which together influence applicants’ motivation to show faking behavior. However, for faking behavior to be effective, interviewees also need certain skills and abilities.
Design
To investigate the impact of several relevant individual difference variables on faking behavior and faking effectiveness, we conducted two studies: In Study 1, we surveyed 228 individuals to assess personality, attitude towards faking, cognitive ability, self-reported faking behavior, and success in previous interviews, and in Study 2, we assessed cognitive ability, social skills, faking behavior, and interview performance in an interview simulation with 108 participants.
Results
Taken together, personality as well as attitude towards faking influenced who shows faking behavior in an interview, but there was no evidence for the assumed moderating effect of cognitive ability or social skills on faking effectiveness. However, there was evidence for direct effects of cognitive ability on interview performance.
Limitations
Study 1 is cross-sectional and Study 2 was conducted in a simulated setting.
Practical Implication
Faking behavior in interviews does not seem to pose a great danger to selection decisions, because it is not significantly related to interview success.
Originality/Value
We shed light on the underlying processes of faking to create a better understanding of this phenomenon. We tried to raise awareness that there is a difference between mere faking behavior and faking effectiveness.
 
 
 
 
 

 

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