Fr-SYM-2135-4 - Strategies For Work-Family Management: The Importance Of Career-Family Centrality And Gender

Human resource management
Diversity in the workplace
Strategies for Work-Family Management: The Importance of Career-Family Centrality and Gender
S. Paustian-Underdahl 1,*, K. Frear 2, J. Halbesleben 3, K. French 4
1Florida International University, Florida, 2University of South Carolina, Upstate, Spartanburg, 3University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, 4University of South Florida, Tampa, United States
Main Abstract Content: Purpose: The purpose of this research is to understand how gender and career-family centrality jointly relate to strategies for the management of work and family roles.
Design/Methodology: We collected qualitative interview data from 70 business school alumni from a large southeastern university in the United States. Consistent with a thematic coding approach, data were analyzed in two stages: data familiarization and independent coding by two researchers, followed by cross case coding comparisons.
Results: We found that the men and women in our sample were equally likely to adopt ‘leaning in’ career strategies to help them better provide for their families. Yet, women with family-centric, career-centric, or dual-centric profiles were more likely than men with these profiles to adopt ‘leaning back’ career strategies for family. We also found that men who were family-centric were more likely than family-centric women to report ‘leaning in’ career strategies for their families.
Limitations: The data are single source and retrospective.
Research/Practical Implications: Our findings illuminate how men and women with different career-family centrality profiles manage their work and family demands, and contribute to discussions regarding why we continue to see gender differences in career outcomes like career success and work-life conflict.
Originality/Value: Using an inductive emic approach, which privileges the data and the perspective of the participant rather than existing theory and the perspective of the researcher, we develop a taxonomy that unites a fragmented literature and provides a framework that can be used to better understand trends and implications of work-family strategy use. 

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