Sa-OR-S134-1 - Creativity In Positive Psychology: The Effect Of Positive Emotions On Creativity

Outcomes of constructive/destructive leadership
Oral Presentation
Part of:
Saturday May 20   11:30 AM to 11:45 AM (15 minutes)
GM Auditorium
Positive organizational behaviour
Personal growth and happiness
Creativity in Positive Psychology: The Effect of Positive Emotions on Creativity
S. Caliskan 1, G. Ozkan 2, I. Isik 2,*
1Psychology, 2Istanbul Bilgi University, Istanbul, Turkey
Content: In this study, the effect of positive and negative emotions on creativity has been investigated. In this relationship, the moderator role of creative self-efficacy level of participants also studied. Emotions are involved inside the most researched variables as reasons behind the creativity (Sweetman et. al., 2011). It is found that negative emotions restrict people’ repertoire of opinions and emotions, and positive emotions enlarge the cognitive perspective of a person and determine their knowledge generation and creativity performance (Isen, 1987; Fredrickson, 2003). Some studies contained that some negative emotions like regret contributed to the creativity (Amabile et. al., 2005). From the positive psychology perspective, this study is important to add on to the literature which consists of different findings. Creative self-efficacy is the ability to trust in producing new and beneficial thoughts (Mathisen ve Bronnick, 2009). Thus, it is suggested as the key factor to reveal creativity and predict creativity performance more than self-efficacy (Tierney & Farmer, 2002). Also, creativity includes producing original and different ideas (Sohn ve Jung, 2010). A creative idea should be new, original and beneficial (Mayer, 1999; Simonton, 2012). Moreover, Guilford (1967) defends to study creativity at two dimensions (convergent and divergent). Divergent creativity as dependent variable in this study is defined as the ability to produce many different solutions to an open ended problem.
PANAS (Positive and Negative Affect Schedule) (Wason & Clark, 1997) was used to measure the intensity of the daily positive and negative emotions. To measure divergent creativity, Guilford (1967)’s Alternative Uses Task was used to digitize and standardize the creativity level between participants. Creative self-efficacy was also measured by Tierney and Farmer (2002)’s 13 items scale. The data has been collected via convenience sampling method from 118 participants. Preliminary findings point out that positive emotions positively affect the divergent creativity, and the role of creative self-efficacy as the main hypothesis of the study will be investigated with wider sampling.
Keywords: positive-negative emotions, creative self-efficacy, creativity, positive psychology


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