Sa-OR-S136-2 - The Influence of Historical Events in the U.S. and Europe on Safety Research and Practice

What:
Oral Presentation
Part of:
When:
Saturday May 20   11:45 AM to 12:00 PM (15 minutes)
Where:
Icon Theatre
Discussion:
0
 
Occupational and organizational safety
Risk and safety management
Sa-OR-S136-2
The Influence of Historical Events in the U.S. and Europe on Safety Research and Practice
M. Burke*, D. Hofmann 1, D. Zohar 2
1University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, United States, 2Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel
                    
Content: Purpose: This presentation will highlight how historical events, legislation, and commissioned reports have shaped safety research and practice within Europe and the U.S. over the past two centuries.
Methodology: A select review will be organized around developments within four time periods: The Industrial Revolution, The Progressive Era, WWII and the Cold War, and the post-Cold War Era, and point to the pioneering contributions of applied psychologists and others to the promotion of worker and workplace safety.
Results: The shift from an early focus on the individual and basic worker protections to the present multi-level perspective where both individual (e.g., worker preparation and safety performance) and group/organization factors (e.g., leadership and safety culture/climate) are primary foci will be noted.
Research/Practice Implications and Originality: To enhance awareness of major lessons learned within an historical context, with an emphasis on why and how particular legislative developments and research contributions affect current safety practices across countries.
 
 
 
 
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