TH-P01-005-interactive - Burnout as a Mediator between Job Authority and Depression: A Moderated Mediation Model

Track:
Burnout and fatigue
What:
Interactive Poster Presentation
When:
1 hour 30 minutes
Where:
O'Brien Foyer
Discussion:
0
 
Employee stress and burnout
Burnout and fatigue
TH-P01-005-interactive
Burnout as a Mediator between Job Authority and Depression: A Moderated Mediation Model
S. A. Ispas*, D. Iliescu 1
1FPSE, University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
 
Content: Purpose: Studies have analyzed the impact of authority on followers, clients and organizational outcomes, but fewer aspects are known about the implications of authority on the managers or supervisors themselves.  In this study, we address this gap by analyzing the negative effects associated with job authority on individuals.  We hypothesize that the responsibility, workload and stress associated with positions of authority at work can lead to burnout which, in turn, leads to depression in vulnerable individuals.  Considering the higher prevalence of burnout and depression among women as well as previous findings, we also hypothesize that the relation between job authority and burnout is moderated by gender.
Design/methodology: To test the hypotheses, we administered an online questionnaire which included measures for burnout, job authority, depression and gender.  The participants (N = 195) were employees of at least 18 years old.
Results: The moderated mediation model conducted with Mplus supported our hypothesis.  A separate moderation test in SPSS however showed that gender did not moderate the relation between job authority and depression, despite statistical differences in burnout between men and women.
Limitations: Further studies are needed in order to substantiate job authority as a risk factor for depression in other populations and in different job domains.
Research/practical implications: These results pinpoint a new sub-group of employees that might require prevention/intervention programs for burnout/depression.
Originality/value: By refining the explanatory mechanism of burnout and depression in employees with authority, this study tackles a previously neglected matter of mental health in management.
 
 
 
 
 
 
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