TH-P01-007-interactive - Understanding the influence of sickness presenteeism on work performance

Track:
Burnout and fatigue
What:
Interactive Poster Presentation
When:
1 hour 30 minutes
Where:
O'Brien Foyer
Discussion:
0
 
Employee stress and burnout
Burnout and fatigue
TH-P01-007-interactive
Understanding the influence of sickness presenteeism on work performance
C. Steidelmüller*, H. Breitsohl
 
 
Content: Purpose – The purpose of the study was to investigate the impact of sickness presenteeism on work performance. We focus on different time frames and a possible explanation of its influence as insufficient recovery. Furthermore we examine if a reciprocal relationship exists which leads to a downward spiral.
Design/methodology/approachRespondents from a German sample (n1 = 192) answered a weekly web-based survey within a period of 12 work weeks. Data were analyzed using the latent change score modeling approach.
 
Findings – On a weekly basis we found a reciprocal relationship between presenteeism, measured with an indirect measure, and need for recovery (γNFR-PR = 0.152, p = 0.001, γPR-NFR = 0.094, p = 0.030). Furthermore presenteeism has negative associations with task performance and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB), but this result was only significant for OCB on a 0.1 significance level (γPR-TP = -0.105, p = 0.217; γPR-OCB = -0.123, p = 0.091). However, we could not confirm the results on a monthly basis.
 
Implications – Results support our hypothesis that presenteeism is a starting point of a downward spiral. Moreover the effect of presenteeism on OCB seems to be stronger than for task performance indicating that people try to maintain their task performance and reduce their helping behavior.
 
Originality/value – To our knowledge this is one of the first studies measuring the act of presenteeism and the consequences on a weekly basis over a period of 3 months. Therefore we gain information about the short-term consequences and the stability of presenteeism.
 
 
 
 
 

 

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