TH-P01-018-interactive - I’m gonna make it! – The influence of success priming on self-efficacy and emotions in achievement situations

Track:
Emotion regulation
What:
Interactive Poster Presentation
When:
1 hour 30 minutes
Where:
O'Brien Foyer
Discussion:
0
 
Emotion in the workplace
Emotion regulation
TH-P01-018-interactive
I’m gonna make it! – The influence of success priming on self-efficacy and emotions in achievement situations
P. S. Bothe*, A.-S. Ulfert 1, M. Ott 1, M. Kersting 1
1Justus-Liebig-University of Giessen, Germany, Giessen, Germany
 
Content: As previous research has shown, priming can influence performance in achievement situations. Hansen and Wänke (2009) demonstrated that self-efficacy mediates the effect of stereotype-priming on performance. A corresponding examination concerning the influence of priming and self-efficacy on emotions is lacking. The control-value theory (Pekrun, 2006) states that achievement emotions are determined by the factors control over activity/outcome and value of activity/outcome. In line with that, this study focuses on control: control can – in line with Pekrun – be seen as equivalent to the concept of self-efficacy (Bandura, 1977). It was hypothesized that self-efficacy mediates the effect of success priming on achievement emotions. A between-group-design (priming vs. control) was conducted within a student sample (N = 131). Participants completed a cognitive ability test (achievement situation). Group comparisons (MANOVA) for self-efficacy and emotions revealed no significant differences. Furthermore, there was no evidence for the mediation of the priming effect on emotions by self-efficacy. Only a marginal significant influence of self-efficacy on positive emotions was observed, which fits the control-value theory (Pekrun, 2006). The low-stakes achievement situation and the student-sample are limitations of this study: A revision with a more stressful context could reveal the expected group differences which in turn are the basis to check the mediation model again and to replicate this first finding that success priming tends to address only positive emotions.
 
 
 
 
 

 
 

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