TH-P01-039-interactive - REMAND-PRISON OFFICERS’ STRESS: FINDINGS FROM QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE DATA

Track:
Work stressors
What:
Interactive Poster Presentation
When:
Thursday May 18   11:00 AM to 12:30 PM (1 hour 30 minutes)
Where:
O'Brien Foyer
Discussion:
0
 
 
Employee stress and burnout
Work stressors
TH-P01-039-interactive
REMAND-PRISON OFFICERS’ STRESS: FINDINGS FROM QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE DATA
M. Perminiene*, G. Jarasiunaite 1, L. Gustainiene 2
1Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas, Lithuania2Vytautas Magnus University, ,
 
Content: Purpose. For the health and wellbeing of the remand-prison officers, it is important to understand the stressors that they face. Hence, the goal was to identify remand-prison officers’ stressors and evaluate which model (Effort-Reward imbalance or Demand-Control) can better explain stress related outcomes (job satisfaction and recovery needs).
Design/Methodology. A mixed method approach. Qualitative data was gathered from six focus groups in one remand-prison in Lithuania. A quantitative study was implemented in the same organisation. The sample consisted of 126 employees: 56.3% male and 39.7% female respondents.
Results. Remand-prison officers face demands and effort requirements, i.e. heavy workload, bureaucracy, increasing responsibilities, night shifts, etc. Officers lack resources and control, i.e. understaffing, lack of time for duties, having fewer rights than prisoners, etc. Employees also lack rewards, such as promotion opportunities, appreciation of their effort, trust from colleagues and low salaries.
Qualitative data suggested testing Effort-Reward and Demand-Control models for explanation of stress-related outcomes. Quantitative data analysis demonstrated that the elements ascribed to the effort-reward imbalance model better explained job satisfaction, whereas job demand-control model better explained recovery needs. Hence, both models are useful in explaining the stressful working environment, but their importance depends on the outcomes that we consider.
Limitations. Cross sectional study. One organisation.
Research/Practical Implications. To ensure job satisfaction and health, elements of both models should be integrated in prevention programmes.
Originality/Value. Lack of prior knowledge on the remand-prison officers’ stressors. Mixed method study.
 
 
 
 
 

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