TH-P01-042 - Is mobbing similarly (un)accepted and experienced by Polish and Spanish employees? Comparative study results.

Bullying and harassment
Poster Presentation
3 hours 30 minutes
O'Brien Foyer
Conflict in organizations
Bullying and harassment
Is mobbing similarly (un)accepted and experienced by Polish and Spanish employees? Comparative study results.
K. Durniat 1,*, M. Á. Mañas Rodríguez  2
1Institute of Psychology, University of Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland, 2Department of Psychology, University of Almeria, Almeria, Spain
Content: Purpose
Mobbing is mostly described as cross-cultural phenomenon [Einarsen et al., 2011] and few studies have been conducted to test similarities and differences in perceiving, accepting and experiencing particular mobbing behaviours in different national settings, what was the aim of this study.  
Two samples of administrative employees in Spain (N=148) and Poland (N=149)were deliberately chosen. A Polish (+Spanish version), validated tool for diagnosing mobbing: SDM Questionnaire [Durniat, 2008]consisting of two main scales: SDM- IDM scale (behavioural indicators/43 items/α Cronbach:0.956) with three subscales (factor analysis result/α Cronbach: 0.927; 0.932; 0.803) and ODC scale (emotional indicators/21 items/α Cronbach: 0,97)plus SDM-ADM test for measuring negative workplace behaviours’ acceptance (all items derive from SDM-IDM scale)were used.
Tests of differences (Chi-Square and Mann – Whitney’s) mostly indicate the existence of similar type of mobbing in both samples, though some differences in particular mobbing behaviours’ acceptance, experience and emotional reactions have been found. Moreover, there are positive correlations between measured variables.
These findings remain to be tested on bigger and more representative samples, also in other national and organizational settings.
Research/Practical Implications
A behaviour which in one country/organization is perceived neutral in another one may be not accepted or perceived as mobbing indicator.
Not many cross-national research comparing particular mobbing behaviours acceptance and experience plus emotions have been done. Most mobbing research is conducted with methods rooted in northern-western European culture [LIPT/NAQ], what may be not suitable for other contexts/plus/ they relay only on behavioral indicators, though the phenomenon is more complexed.

University of Wrocław
psychologiest; assistant professor

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