TH-P01-054 - Switching from burnout to job-related depression: A preliminary study

Burnout and fatigue
Poster Presentation
3 hours 30 minutes
O'Brien Foyer
Employee stress and burnout
Burnout and fatigue
Switching from burnout to job-related depression: A preliminary study
R. Bianchi 1,*, I. S. Schonfeld 2, E. Laurent 3
1Institute of Work and Organizational Psychology, University of Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, Switzerland, 2Department of Psychology, The City College of the City University of New York, New York, NY, United States, 3Department of Psychology, Bourgogne Franche-Comté University, Besançon, France
Content: Purpose. This study aimed at: (a) documenting burnout-depression overlap; (b) introducing a method for assessing job-related depression; (c) examining the links between job-related depression, job (dis)satisfaction, and job-induced turnover intention (JITI).
Design/Methodology. The study involved 286 female school employees from New Zealand. Depression was assessed with the 9-item depression module of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). The PHQ-9 allows the investigator to grade the severity of depressive symptoms and establish a provisional diagnosis of major depression based on a specific algorithm. In order to etiologically relate depression to work, the PHQ-9 was added the following item: “If you checked off any problems, do you think your work is the main cause of these problems?”. Job satisfaction and JITI were each evaluated with a single-item measure. Burnout was assessed with the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Measure (14-item version).
Results. Burnout and depressive symptoms were strongly associated (r = .80; disattenuated correlation: .89) and correlated almost identically with job satisfaction (-.61 versus -.58, respectively) and JITI (.42 versus .41, respectively). About 13% of the participants were identified as clinically depressed. About 86% of clinically depressed participants attributed their symptoms to their job. Job-related depression was associated with pronounced job dissatisfaction and a trebled incidence of JITI.
Limitations. The study was cross-sectional. The representativeness of the sample is unknown.
Research/Practical Implications. Occupational health researchers and practitioners are provided with an economic way of assessing job-related depression.
Originality/Value. The long-studied, nosologically well-characterized construct of depression can replace the diagnostically undefined construct of burnout.


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