TH-P01-070 - Dark Triad traits at workplace:How subclinical psychopathy, subclinical narcissism and Machiavellianism affects position and work-attitudes

Counterproductive Work Behavior
Poster Presentation
3 hours 30 minutes
O'Brien Foyer
Conflict in organizations
Counterproductive Work Behavior
Dark Triad traits at workplace:
How subclinical psychopathy, subclinical narcissism and machiavellianism affects position and work-attitudes
A. Czibor 1,*, Z. P. Szabo 2, P. Restas 1 and Organizational Psychology Research Group at University of Pecs
1Department of Social- and Organizational Psychology, University of Pecs, Hungary, Pecs, 2Department of Social Psychology, ELTE University, Budapest, Hungary
Content: Purpose
The aim of the current study was to investigate how the magnitude of socially aversive personality traits (subclinical psychopathy, subclinical narcissism and Machiavellianism) is represented in the position and work attitudes of employees.
A questionnaire-based study was conducted among full-time employees (N= 598) where dark triad traits, field and level of position were measured. In a second study, the relation of dark triad traits and work-attitudes (work-satisfaction, intention to leave, organizational trust, organizational identification) was analyzed on another sample of employees (N= 256).
Our results show that individuals in higher positions of workplace hierarchy had higher scores on psychopathy and narcissism scales. The highest dark triad traits were found in the fields of hospitality and tourism, construction industry, and arts and entertainment.  Dysfunctional work-attitudes (low levels of organizational identification, organizational trust, work satisfaction and high levels of leaving intentions) were predicted by psychopathy and partly by Machiavellianism, but not by Narcissism.
Using self-reported questionnaires for measuring socially malevolent traits, could make the study vulnerable for social desirability effects, but the anonymous testing situations was expected to reduce this distortion.
Research/Practical Implications
These results suggest that dark triad traits – and mainly subclinical psychopathy - should be taken into consideration when personality predictors of counterproductive work behavior and attitudes are researched.  
The current study implies empirical evidence to the assumption that dark personality traits can be in connection with position in the corporate hierarchy. It also highlights that these traits can predict dysfunctional work attitudes.


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