TH-P01-073 - Why do people step out of line? The role of uniqueness and belongingness needs in predicting destructive and constructive deviance at the workplace

Track:
Counterproductive Work Behavior
What:
Poster Presentation
When:
3 hours 30 minutes
Where:
O'Brien Foyer
Discussion:
0
Conflict in organizations
Counterproductive Work Behavior
TH-P01-073
Why do people step out of line? The role of uniqueness and belongingness needs in predicting destructive and constructive deviance at the workplace
T. Stadler 1,*, E. Selenko 2, M. Patterson 1
1Institute of Work Psychology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, 2Human Resource Management and Organisational Behaviour, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom
 
Content: State of the Art
Research on workplace deviance in the organizational and management literature has explored personal motives and organizational characteristics as antecedents and has merely focussed on the outcomes of deviant behaviour and whether these were positive or negative. We introduce a new theoretical perspective by investigating the deviance aspect that underlies the behaviour itself; irrespective of whether it is constructive or destructive.  
New Perspectives / Contributions
In this theoretical contribution we take a neutral stance on deviating behaviour and will go beyond investigating both types of deviance separately by proposing shared antecedents and causes. Drawing upon a widely acknowledged social psychological mechanism - individual need activation of belongingness and uniqueness (Baumeister & Leary, 1995; Snyder & Fromkin, 1980) – we propose that the need to belong and the need to be unique are related to the presence and absence of deviant behaviour at the workplace.
Research / Practical Implications
We argue that people in need of uniqueness will show deviating behaviour in order to set themselves apart from colleagues they feel overly similar to. People in need of belonging will engage in destructive or constructive deviance in order to retaliate or ingratiate, respectively, as a result of feeling socially excluded within their organization.
Originality / Value
The presented perspective emphasizes the importance of the social environment in an organization through the relational context of the proposed individual needs. Thus, it helps to explain under which circumstances destructive deviance can be inhibited and constructive deviance be promoted.
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 

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