TH-P01-078 - Sub-clinical depression associated with ineffective negative emotional interference suppression in working memory

Track:
Emotion regulation
What:
Poster Presentation
When:
3 hours 30 minutes
Where:
O'Brien Foyer
Discussion:
0
Emotion in the workplace
Emotion regulation
TH-P01-078
Sub-clinical depression associated with ineffective negative emotional interference suppression in working memory
B. B. Velichkovsky 1,*, F. R. Sultanova 1, A. A. Kachina 1
1Faculty of Psychology, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation
 
Content: Purpose. To study the relationship between suppression of negative emotional activation in working memory and depressive symptoms.
Design. Participants (N=29, 21 females, 24-44 years old, students of Moscow University) were administered Beck’s Depression inventory (BDI-II, Russian version) and a version of Internal Shift Task (Chambers et al., 2008). Series of male and female faces with a neutral or angry expression were presented, sampled from Karolinska Directed Emotional Faces database. In the Gender condition, participants counted mentally male and female faces in a series. In the Emotion condition, neutral and angry faces were counted. RT (self-paced presentation of faces) was registered.
Results. A rm-ANOVA with Condition (Emotion, Gender), Valence (angry, neutral), ValencePrev (angry or neutral expression of the face in the previous probe) and Depression (median split on BDI-II scores) as factors revealed a significant Condition×Valence×Depression interaction. In the Gender Condition, angry and neutral faces were processed equally quickly. In the Emotion Condition, neutral faces were processed equally quickly by both Depression group, but high-Depression group showed significantly slower responses to angry faces. Post-hoc analysis revealed that high-Depression group had a specific deficit in speeding up responses for angry faces following an angry face. Both results indicate a deficit in negative emotional activation suppression in the high-Depression group.
Limitations. Depression scores are limited to none to light depression.
Research/Practical implications. Training of emotional interference suppression may decrease depression liability.
Value. The study adds to the literature explicating the relationship between working memory and sub-clinical depression.
 
 
 
 
 

 
 

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