TH-P01-089 - A closer look at the relationship between job insecurity and presenteeism: The role of perceived organizational support and absence legitimacy

Track:
Job insecurity
What:
Poster Presentation
When:
3 hours 30 minutes
Where:
O'Brien Foyer
Discussion:
0
 
Employee stress and burnout
Job insecurity
TH-P01-089
A closer look at the relationship between job insecurity and presenteeism: The role of perceived organizational support and absence legitimacy
M. Persenaire 1,*, F. Stinglhamber, M. Lauzier 2
1Université catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, 2Université du Québec en Outaouais, Gatineau , Canada
 
Content: Purpose. Presenteeism (i.e., attending work while ill) has been associated with declines in both employees’ health and organizational productivity. Recent research suggests that job insecurity might be one of the reasons driving individual to go to work while ill. Little attention has been given, however, to the mechanisms that could explain the relationship between these two constructs. This study proposes that employees’ beliefs regarding the extent to which the organization values their contributions and cares about their well-being (i.e., perceived organizational support – POS) may explain why job insecurity relates to presenteeism. This study also considers corollaries between presenteeism and absenteeism by examining the moderating role of perceived legitimacy of reasons for absence on this mediation.
Design/methodology. 288 employees working in a Belgian hospital participated to this study.
Results. Results of bootstrap regression analyses fully supported our hypothesis of moderated mediation. More precisely, POS was found to mediate the relationship between job insecurity and presenteeism but only at low or medium levels of legitimacy of reasons for absence.
Limitations. Data were collected through a cross-sectional design and self-reported measures.
Practical implications. On a practical level, our results suggest that working on employees’ perception of their work environment (through support they perceived or reasons they believe that could justify an absence) might help lessen presenteeism. 
Originality/Value. This research expands the recent knowledge on the causes and processes conducting employees to be present at work while sick.
 
 
 
 
 

 

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