TH-P01-116 - Explaining gender systematic differences concerning stress at work

Work stressors
Poster Presentation
3 hours 30 minutes
O'Brien Foyer
Employee stress and burnout
Work stressors
Explaining gender systematic differences concerning stress at work
P. Sarnin 1,*, M. Vignet 1
1Institute of Psychology - GRePS, UNIVERSITY OF LYON, BRON, France
Content: Researches on work-related stress systematically show that women have more stress than men. The objective of this study is to clarify the nature of these differences by an analysis of the effects of gender combined with characteristics of jobs and extra-professional variables. Taking account of the work status, the familial situation, we hypothesize a more general effect of the social construction of gender inequalities among jobs and their characteristics (autonomy, workload, etc.) between men and women.
1163 women and 4787 men were questioned during compulsory medical examination within the same firm. The questionnaire includes: Job Content Questionnaire (Karasek & Theorell, 1990), Effort/Reward imbalance scale (Siegrist, 1996), Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (Mykletun & al., 2001), Perceived Stress Scale (Cohen & al., 1983) and various questions about characteristics of the job, marital status, children in charge, etc. Statistical analyses were realized using multiple regressions.
Results show that characteristics of jobs occupied by women are the main factor of the difference between men and women about occupational stress. Interaction effects with variables related to familial characteristics are observed mainly for men. Analyses of data show that the difference between men and women are less important when we compare them for the same job and the same marital status and the same number of children in charge. The unequal repartition of men and women, according to positions held, lead women to occupy jobs with more psychological demand, less autonomy and less reward. So, the women jobs have the characteristics associated with higher stress at work.
In conclusion, firms have to be more attentive during recruitment and promotion to avoid discrimination against women which may also have a negative impact on their health.
This research give new elements about the main factors explaining differences between men and women about work-related stress, often found but rarely elucidated.


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