TH-P01-121 - Assessing different dimensions of stress in the stress-strain relationship. A longitudinal study.

Work stressors
Poster Presentation
3 hours 30 minutes
O'Brien Foyer
Employee stress and burnout
Work stressors
Assessing different dimensions of stress in the stress-strain relationship. A longitudinal study.
P. Jiménez 1,*, M. Höfer 2, C. Schmon 2, A. Dunkl 1
1Department of Psychology, University of Graz, 2research-team, Graz, Austria
Content: Purpose
Although authors emphasize that different types of stress have to be analyzed to get a more detailed understanding about stress and strain, previous studies on the stress-strain relationship mainly used a summarized factor of stress to predict work-related outcomes. This global view of stress only scratches the surface in research on the stress-strain relationship. Investigating different dimensions of stress support deriving tailored interventions for organizations. The instrument OrgFit has been especially developed to assess different dimensions of stress as a basis for the development of specific interventions.
To investigate if the measured stress dimensions in the OrgFit can predict strain, a longitudinal online study was conducted among Austrian workers. The sample consisted of 104 participants that took part at two measurement points (T1: N=233, T2: N=202). The time interval was six months.
The results indicate a high test-retest reliability (.73 to .78) for the different stress dimensions. Furthermore, the stress dimensions show significant cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships with strain, resources and burnout. The relationships between the constructs showed to be stable after a time interval of six months.
Objective indicators (e.g., sickness absences, accident statistics) should be included to avoid same-source bias.
Research/Practical Implications
The findings indicate that different dimensions of stress should be investigated to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the experience of strain, resources and burnout.
The OrgFit proves to be a valid instrument to measure stress and can serve as a base for developing specific interventions on an organizational level.


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