Fr-SYM-2953-2 - Are Psychological Attributes Important For Wellbeing Of Unemployed Youth? The Impact Of Externality, Ambiguity Intolerance And Psychological Capital

Labor market issues
Are psychological attributes important for wellbeing of unemployed youth? The impact of externality, ambiguity intolerance and psychological capital
M. Baluku 1,*, K. Otto 1
1Philipps University Marburg, Marburg, Germany
Main Abstract Content: Purpose
Unemployment is an undesirable and rather ambiguous situation that is associated with poor wellbeing. Psychological attributes as an internal locus of control and psychological capital could be seen as resources for maintaining a person’s wellbeing during periods of unemployment. This study examines the impact of locus of control, ambiguity intolerance and psychological capital on psychological wellbeing of unemployed youth in three countries.
We examine these assumptions based on a multinational sample of unemployed youths from Germany, Kenya and Uganda. Data were gathered by questionnaires.
Results reveal that unemployed youth with external locus of control have lower psychological wellbeing than those with internal locus. However, at higher levels of psychological capital, those with external locus of control chance tend to also have higher psychological wellbeing. Ambiguity intolerance correlates negatively with psychological wellbeing. We further observe that psychological capital suppresses the negative impact of ambiguity intolerance. The suppression effects are however moderated by locus of control.
The data are based on a cross-sectional research design and contain self-report measures only.
Research/Practical implications
Internal locus of control and psychological capital are important for maintaining high levels of psychological wellbeing during unemployment. These strengths are not only important for maintaining high psychological wellbeing, but also for “surviving” in the job search process.
The addition of psychological capital to our model particularly provides an understanding that positive psychological strengths can mitigate the impact of negative psychological attributes on psychological wellbeing of individuals in adverse conditions. 


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