Fr-SYM-353-5 - Time In Work-Family Research: Past, Present, And Future

Work-family balance
1 hour
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Work-Life Interface
Work-family balance
Time in Work-Family Research:  Past, Present, and Future
T. D. Allen 1,*, K. A. French 1
1Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, United States
Main Abstract Content:  
Purpose: In recent years there has been increased interest in temporal issues within the organizational sciences (Shipp & Cole, 2015). Moreover, time-related concerns have long played a role in work-family scholarship (Allen, 2012). For example, time scarcity is thought to contribute to the occurrence of work-family conflict, flexible work arrangements are thought to enable time management, and longitudinal designs that account for change in work-family variables across time have become more common. Despite this interest, the current treatment of time within the work-family literature is limited.
New Perspectives/Contributions: We use the framework provided by Shipp and Cole to examine the current state of the work-family literature with regard to several time-related concepts. Time-related constructs include those that focus on how individuals use or manage their time and how individuals perceive time. Within the work-family literature, greater attention has been given to how individuals use their time (e.g., number of hours devoted to work and/or family roles) than to how individuals think about time (e.g., temporal focus).
Research/Practical Implications: Our review will bring to the fore the way time has been considered in work-family research and opportunities for future considerations that will advance our understanding of how individuals experience and manage their work and family roles.
Originality/Value: To better understand the role of time in work-family experiences, we provide a systematic review of the work-family literature from a temporal perspective and suggest an agenda for future research.

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