Fr-SYM-862-4 - Review Of 30 Years Of Longitudinal Studies On The Associations Between Job Insecurity And Health And Well-Being: Is There Causal Evidence?

Job insecurity
1 hour
Employee stress and burnout
Job insecurity
Review of 30 years of longitudinal studies on the associations between job insecurity and health and well-being: Is there causal evidence?
H. De Witte 1,*, J. Pienaar 2, N. De Cuyper 1
1Research Group Work, Organisational and Personnel Psychology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium, 2Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden
Main Abstract Content:  
To give an overview of the results of longitudinal studies on the consequences of job insecurity for health and well-being. We discuss the evidence for normal causation (‘does job insecurity influence outcomes’?), reversed causation (‘do specific outcomes predict job insecurity’?), and reciprocal causation (‘both at the same time’).
Scientific and scholarly databases were searched in order to find all existing articles. We found 57 longitudinal studies published since 1987 in a variety of countries throughout the world. All articles were summarized in an encompassing table.
The results show strong evidence for normal causation, in which job insecurity influences both psychological well-being and somatic health over time. The results are somewhat dependent on the type of outcome variable analyzed, with clear evidence regarding exhaustion (burnout), general mental/psychological well-being, self-rated health, and a variety of somatic complaints. For aspects such as job satisfaction, work engagement and psychosomatic complaints, the results suggested normal causation in half to two-thirds of the studies only. Reversed or reciprocal causation was rarely studied, and when studied, rarely found.
The analysis is rather ‘narrative’ in nature. Meta-analytical results of the longitudinal studies are not presented.
Research/Practical Implications
Results indicate that job insecurity influences health and well-being over time, rather than the other way round. Companies and governments need to focus on preventing job insecurity and on buffering its detrimental consequences.
A thorough overview of longitudinal studies was lacking thus far in this field.


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