Th-SYM-912-6 - The Qualitative Job Insecurity Scale (Qual-Ji): A Validation Study

Job insecurity
Thursday May 18   11:30 AM to 12:30 PM (1 hour)
Intel Theatre
Employee stress and burnout
Job insecurity
The Qualitative Job Insecurity Scale (QUAL-JI): A Validation Study
G. Fischmann 1 2,*, T. Vander Elst 3 4, C. Sulea 1 2, N. De Cuyper 1, D. Iliescu 5, H. De Witte 1 6
1Research Group Work, Organisational and Personnel Psychology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium, 2Department of Psychology, West University of Timisoara, Timisoara, Romania, 3Knowledge, Information and Research center (KIR), IDEWE, 4Occupational & Organisational Psychology and Professional Learning, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium, 5Department of Psychology, University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania, 6Optentia, North-West University, Vanderbijlpark Campus, South Africa
Main Abstract Content:  
Purpose. In recent studies, qualitative job insecurity was measured with a four-item scale developed by De Cuyper and De Witte (QUAL-JI). We propose a validation study for this scale, testing internal reliability and several validity forms.
Design/Methodology. The participants were 1994 Flemish employees (Belgium), who answered a questionnaire two times, six months apart. We evaluated the scale reliability, convergent validity with quantitative job insecurity, divergent validity with affective organizational commitment, concurrent validity with the Hellgren (1999) job insecurity scale, predictive validity for mental health complaints at T2, and incremental validity for predicting mental health complaints, compared to the other qualitative job insecurity scale.
Results. Our findings showed that the QUAL-JI scale fits its purpose, and it can be used in its original form with four items, or in a shortened form, with three items.
Limitations. For this study, we only used one sample. In the future, these findings should be replicated in other countries/cultures where the QUAL-JI scale is being used.
Research/Practical Implications. Once validated, the QUAL-JI scale can be used with even more confidence as the default scale to measure qualitative job insecurity.
Originality/Value. This is the first study to validate a qualitative job insecurity scale, as such adding value to existing and future research.


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