Symposium 2644 - Psychological Aspects Of Job Loss And Unemployment – Disentangling The Job Search Process

Friday May 19   04:15 PM to 05:45 PM (1 hour 30 minutes)
Labor market issues
Psychological aspects of job loss and unemployment – Disentangling the job search process
K. Paul 1,*, A. Zechmann 2
1Friedrich-Alexander University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, 2University Of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Nürnberg, Germany
Main Abstract Content: State of the Art:
Even during favorable economic conditions, unemployment affects a significant minority of people (e.g., about 2.8 Million Germans were unemployed in 2016, despite a low unemployment rate of 6.3%). In economically difficult times, unemployment regularly turns into a mass phenomenon that leaves hardly any part of the population unaffected (e.g. currently in Greece and South Africa with unemployment rates > 25%). Psychological research plays an important role in studying the antecedents and effects of job search (e.g. Kanfer et al., 2001), thus analyzing ways of how to find a suitable job and how to reduce societal costs caused by long-term unemployment. However, regarding the job search process, many questions remain unanswered.
New Perspectives/Contributions:
This symposium focuses on antecedents and consequences of job search behavior. It disentangles the complex processes that lead to more or less successful job search among unemployed people and scrutinizes the mechanisms in the labor market that operate to the disadvantage of certain groups (e.g. older job seekers). The research included here also turns attention to risk groups such as highly hostile or long-term unemployed people. The use of longitudinal samples from four countries and two continents underscores the high methodological quality and cultural breadth of the research presented.  
Research/Practical Implications: 
The symposium proposes new perspectives that stimulate research on the job search behavior of different groups of people. Research presented here uncovers problems that undermine job search effectiveness and identifies methods improving it. This is important news for practitioners and unemployed people themselves.

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