Fr-OR-S76-1 - The Family-To-Work Enrichment: A Spillover-Crossover Bidirectional Test In Domain Satisfaction

Work-family balance
Oral Presentation
Part of:
15 minutes
Work-Life Interface
Work-family balance
The Family-to-Work Enrichment: a spillover-crossover bidirectional test in domain satisfaction
M. J. Chambel*, V. S. Carvalho 1, C. Crespo 1
1Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
Content: Purpose:
This study investigates the spillover-crossover of Family-to-Work Enrichment (FWE) in domain satisfaction. First, we tested the cross-domain versus the matching hypothesis in a gender perspective. Second, we tested the crossover bidirectional to have also a gender perspective of this phenomenon. 
Design / methodology:
One hundred and seventy-one heterosexual couples of dual-earner parents in Portugal participated in this study. Of the 500 questionnaires distributed, 383 were returned, resulting in a response rate of 76.6%. Forty-one questionnaires could not be used in the analyses, because only one partner participated, thus leaving 342 questionnaires or 171 couples for data analyses. We performed structural equation models to test our hypothesis.
We verified that the FWE spillover to work context (i.e., cross-domain) only in women and the FWE spillover to family context (i.e., matching hypothesis) in both couple members. Additionally, the men’s FWE crossed over to women’s family satisfaction but the same effect was not verified from women’s to men’s.
The cross-sectorial character of this study should be consider as a limitation.
Research/ practical implications:
To understand the ways in which the spillover-crossover operates in both couple members and with a domain satisfaction perspective helps to advance the theoretical understanding of the gender perspective in this processes.  This study provides evidence that the spillover-crossover was different across men and women. Such knowledge may help organizations to adopt a person-oriented approach in their work-family agenda.
Originality/ value:
This is one of the first studies to analyze the spillover-crossover model 1) in a positive perspective and 2) in the family to work direction.

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