Fr-OR-S81-2 - The Relationship Between Perceived Supervisor Support And Submissiveness Behaviors - The Moderator Role Of Proactive Personality

Track:
Leadership and followership
What:
Oral Presentation
Part of:
When:
Friday May 19   10:30 AM to 10:45 AM (15 minutes)
Where:
E2.16
Discussion:
0
 
Leadership and management
Leadership and followership
Fr-OR-S81-2
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERCEIVED SUPERVISOR SUPPORT AND SUBMISSIVENESS BEHAVIORS - THE MODERATOR ROLE OF PROACTIVE PERSONALITY
A. Lopez*, M. J. Velez 1, S. Costa 1, P. Neves 1
1Nova School of Business and Economics, Lisboa, Portugal
 
Content: Purpose: 
Despite the acknowledgement that victimization (e.g., submissiveness behaviors) in the workplace has negative impacts on performance (e.g., psychological disengagement), little attention has been given to this phenomenon (Aquino & Lamertz, 2005). This research aims to study two antecedents of submissiveness to managers (SM): supervisor support (PSS) and employees’ proactive personality (PP). We propose that PSS has a negative impact on employees’ SM, through supervisors’ incitement of subordinates speaking-up (SU). We also suggest that subordinates’ proactive personality acts as moderator in the relationship between PSS and SM, since proactive workers reveal personal initiative for identifying new ideas to improve work processes, updating their skills, or better understanding company politics, thus being less likely to show submissive behaviors.
Design/Methodology: 
Participants were 640 supervisor-subordinate dyads from different organizational settings. PSS, SU and PP were measured by the subordinate while SM was assessed by the supervisor.
Results: 
Research results indicate that speaking up mediates the relationship between PSS and SM and that the indirect effect of PSS on submissive behaviors was significant for low (B = .16, 95% CI [.020, .296]) but not for high levels of proactive personality (B = -.03, 95% CI [-.154, .091]).
Limitations: 
One limitation is related to common method bias, since employees provided ratings of PSS, PP and SM. Because our design is cross-sectional, we cannot infer causality.
Practical Implications/Value: 
Our results suggest that perceived supervisor support promotes voice behaviors, mitigating submissiveness to manager. Moreover, subordinates’ proactive personality is essential in decreasing submissive behaviors.
 
Participant

My Schedule

Add to Your Schedule