Fr-OR-S83-6 - Applying Self-Determination Theory And Psychological Capital To Entrepreneurial Intention: The Role Of Mentoring, Optimism, Self-Efficacy And Autonomy

Self-employment and Entrepreneurship
Oral Presentation
Part of:
15 minutes
Entrepreneurship/Self employment
Self-employment and Entrepreneurship
Applying Self-Determination Theory and Psychological Capital to Entrepreneurial Intention: The Role of Mentoring, Optimism, Self-efficacy and Autonomy
M. Baluku, Mabunda 1,*, K. Otto 1
1Work & Organizational Psychology, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Marburg, Germany
Content: Purpose
The paper examines the role of self-determination and psychological capital in entrepreneurial intentions. We specifically investigate the mediational roles of optimism and self-efficacy and the moderation role of autonomy in the relationship between entrepreneurial mentoring and intentions.  
The sample comprises of 1509 (799 final year university students, 220 unemployed, and 490 wage-employed) youths from Germany, Kenya and Uganda. Therefore, a multi-group analysis is applied to test for effect group and cultural differences.
The findings indicate that mentoring, optimism, self-efficacy and autonomy are positively correlated to entrepreneurial intentions. More Ugandan than Kenyan and German youths have higher entrepreneurial intentions. The mediated mediation model revealed that mentoring impacts on entrepreneurial intentions through optimism and self-efficacy. Our assumption that autonomy moderates the relationship between mentoring and entrepreneurial intentions is support. We also find group and cultural differences in the impact of mentoring and autonomy on entrepreneurial intentions.  
We use cross-sectional data. Future research should explore where entrepreneurial intentions change when an individual’s employment status changes.
Research/Practical implications
Mentoring, self-determination and psychological capital play an important role in entrepreneurial intentions. Entrepreneurship mentors should specifically support their protégées to develop higher expectations in business and to act autonomously. Supporting protégées to become aware of their entrepreneurial competences is also essential.
Originality/ Value
Whereas mentoring and psychological strengths are important in formation of entrepreneurial attitudes, employment status and culture also matter. Future entrepreneurial intentions research should also examine the impact of availability of attractive positions in wage-employment.

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