Fr-OR-S85-1 - Predicting Safety Behaviour: Development And Validation Of The Hazard Awareness Test (Hat)

Human error and accidents
Oral Presentation
Part of:
Friday May 19   11:30 AM to 11:45 AM (15 minutes)
Occupational and organizational safety
Human error and accidents
Predicting Safety Behaviour: Development and Validation of the Hazard Awareness Test (HAT)
C. Burt*
Content: Purpose: Numerous jobs involve the need to manage safety.  In order to achieve this objective it is desirable to recruit employees who have the competencies to ensure workplace safety.  Many decades of research have delivered numerous recruitment and selection tools which can be used to measure a vast array of knowledge, skills and abilities.  However, glaringly absent are measures which objectively measure competencies directly related to safety, such as hazard awareness.  Furthermore, most of the employee selection measures which have been developed to measure safety (e.g., clusters of structured interview questions) are very vulnerable to response biases, such as social desirability and impression management.  Other safety measures based on personality profiling are also questionable in their claim of an ability to predict safety outcomes. 
Design/Methodology: This paper discusses the development of the Hazard Awareness Test (HAT) which is an online objective safety test which requires no language skills, avoids response bias, and can not be faked.  
Results: Completion of the HAT takes on average 18 minutes (N=249).  Over 4 studies the HAT has shown very good criterion related validity.
Research/Practical Implications: The HAT offers organizations a quick and valid means of measuring job applicant’s hazard awareness.
Originality/Value: The HAT is a unique measure, and has the potential to improve safety management and reduce human error in the workplace. HAT demonstrates the value of adopting gamification as a means of measuring important safety related competencies.             

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