Fr-OR-S85-3 - Increasing Collaborative Conflict Resolution By Using Light: The Role Of Interdependent Self-Construal And Social Dominance Orientation

Human factors and ergonomics
Oral Presentation
Part of:
Friday May 19   12:00 PM to 12:15 PM (15 minutes)
Technology, work-design and human-machine-systems
Human factors and ergonomics
Increasing collaborative conflict resolution by using light: The role of interdependent self-construal and social dominance orientation
O. Kombeiz 1,*, E. Dietl 1, A. Steidle 2
1University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, 2Ludwigsburg University of Applied Sciences, Ludwigsburg, Germany
How can physical elements of the workspace, especially light, facilitate conflict resolution? Previous research does not provide clear answers about optimal lighting conditions in conflict situations. Moreover, potential moderators and mediators have been scarcely investigated. Based on previous research, we assumed that only self-oriented individuals would benefit from dim warm light due to the activation of interdependent self-construal, which should in turn lead to a preference for collaborative conflict resolution strategies. Overall, we hypothesized a first-stage moderated mediation.
In two laboratory studies (N = 105, N = 152), illumination was manipulated in terms of brightness (bright vs. dim) and warmth (warm vs. cold). Participants were exposed to one of four lighting conditions and assessed their situative self-construal and preferred conflict styles in a scenario. Before the session, the traits social dominance orientation (study 1 and 2) and trait interdependent self-construal (study 2) were measured, representing self-orientation in each study.
Moderated mediation analyses supported all hypotheses.
Conflict resolution was measured with questionnaires covering different conflict resolution strategies, but we did not observe actual behavior.
Research/Practical Implications
The present research helps to explain previous mixed findings in the research of the impact of lighting on conflict resolution, and provides practical implications for the design of workspaces in which collaboration is important.  
To our knowledge, the present research is the first to shed light on the underlying processes between the effects of lighting on conflict resolution, while taking into account moderating individual differences in these relations.

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