FR-P01-034 - Exploring the relationship between self-determination needs and employee engagement in the South African contract research sector

Track:
Engagement
What:
Poster Presentation
When:
3 hours 30 minutes
Where:
O'Brien Foyer
Discussion:
0
Positive organizational behaviour
Engagement
FR-P01-034
Exploring the relationship between self-determination needs and employee engagement in the South African contract research sector
M. Heyns*
 
 
Content: Purpose: This study explored the relationship between the satisfaction of self-determination needs and employee engagement within selected organisations in the South African contract research sector. 
Design: A quantitative, cross-sectional approach was used.  The convenience sample (n=260) included employees from four different contract research organisations (CROs). Confirmatory factor analysis and calculation of Cronbach’s alpha were used for validity and reliability testing.  Data were summarised descriptively.  Coefficients of correlation and Cohen’s d effect size were computed to assess relationships.
Results: Employee engagement was found to have a strong positive relationship with the satisfaction of self-determination needs, a moderate positive relationship with perceived managerial support and moderate negatively related to both emotional exhaustion and intention to leave.
Limitations: Future research should consider random sampling in order to allow for statistical inference of data to the population, which was not possible within the current design.
Practical implications: The study highlights the relationship between needs satisfaction and employee engagement in the workplace. It suggests ways in which talent retention can be promoted and specifically points towards ways in which perceived managerial support can promote employee engagement.
Contribution/value-add: The study provides increased knowledge toward efficiency and effectiveness of CRO services by exploring the elements through which employee engagement and satisfaction of self-determination needs impact on the attraction and retention of staff, particularly of male employees, in the contract research sector.
 
 
 
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