FR-P01-083 - Entrepreneurial intentions among refugees in Germany

Self-employment and Entrepreneurship
Poster Presentation
Friday May 19   09:30 AM to 01:00 PM (3 hours 30 minutes)
O'Brien Foyer
Entrepreneurship/Self employment
Self-employment and Entrepreneurship
Entrepreneurial intentions among refugees in Germany
A. Al Afni*
Content: Entrepreneurial intentions among refugees in Germany
Anna Al  Afni, University of Bremen, Germany, Collaborative research center 11 (Sonderforschungsbereich 11)
The aim of this study is to develop an explanatory model in order to identify the determinants of entrepreneurial intention among refugees, particularly in order to see in how far entrepreneurial activity could be an alternative to conventional labor market integration via employment. A scale derived from Ajzens Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) including entrepreneurial predictors (attitudes towards entrepreneurship, perceived behavioral control, subjective norms) was combined with distal variables (e.g. access to finance, knowledge of legal and political system) as well as socio-demographic variables (particularly education, mastery of language and career work experience) and applied on a sample of 45 refugees.
Self-administered questionnaires in Arabic and English, using facility-based sampling were administered with a return rate of 22,5 % . Hierarchical multiple regression was used to explore relationships between significant correlates of intention. Moderator analysis was carried out to test if contextual variables moderate the relationship between TPB predictor variables and intentions.
Results Besides the predictive power of TPB variables, a set of predictors including previous entrepreneurial experience, career experience as well as availability of entrepreneurial role model in family and language proficiency emerge as predictive factors for entrepreneurial intention, however no significant association was found with access to finance.
Limitations The study operates on a small sample only, and only pertains to refugees of Arabic language, mainly of Syrian origin.
Originality/Value To the best of the authors knowledge, no previous work has been carried out on entrepreneurial intentions among the recent refugees in Germany.

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