Symposium 1208 - Motivated Justice: Understanding The Dynamic And Influential Role Of Motives For Justice Judgments

Organizational justice
Friday May 19   01:15 PM to 02:45 PM (1 hour 30 minutes)
Conflict in organizations
Organizational justice
Motivated Justice:
Understanding the Dynamic and Influential Role of Motives for Justice Judgments
M. Fortin 1,*, L. Barclay 2, M. Bashshur 3
1Center for Research in Management (CRM), University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France, 2Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Canada, 3Singapore Management University, Singapore, Singapore
Main Abstract Content: State of the Art
Despite the fundamental assumptions that fairness is in the “eye of the beholder” and can be a “motivated” phenomenon, scholars have recently argued that explicit recognition of these key tenets has faded into the background thereby limiting our understanding of the subjectivity of fairness. Drawing upon motivated cognition (also termed motivated reasoning), this symposium highlights how viewing people as active and motivated processors of fairness information can enhance our understanding of the subjective and motivated processes underlying fairness and the implications of these processes.
New Perspectives/Contributions 
Using different theoretical perspectives and empirical methodologies, this international panel of justice scholars will present cutting edge research integrating fairness perceptions and motivated cognition. Nadisic et al. identify subjective motivations for justice and highlight rationalizations for injustice. Building on these motives, Bashshur et al. present a theoretical framework  exploring the dynamics of fairness and motivated cognition over time and between different parties. Paddock examines the importance of motives for bi-directional work-to-home processes, focusing on belief in a just world as a critical motivational resource. Using the concept of phase shifting, Soenen and Melkonian explore how people can be motivated to change their justice judgments over time. Finally, Patel and Crawshaw present a qualitative account of how parties navigate justice interpretations in the context of an international joint venture.
Research/Practical Implications
This symposium illustrates how integrating moral cognition and justice can advance our knowledge and ability to effectively manage fairness issues over time and in different contexts. 


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