FR-P02-054 - Validating the Orphan Improvement Scale (OIS) for the Orphan Crisis in Ukraine

Track:
Emerging themes in I/O psychology
What:
Poster Presentation
When:
3 hours 30 minutes
Where:
O'Brien Foyer
Discussion:
0
Emerging themes in I/O psychology
FR-P02-054
Validating the Orphan Improvement Scale (OIS) for the Orphan Crisis in Ukraine
Y. Delton 1 2,*, D. Cunningham 1 2, L. Karamushka 1 3, V. Ivkin 1 3, O. Kredentser 1 3, K. Tereschenko 1 3, I. Vakaliuk 1 4
1Psychology, Brigham Young University-Idaho, Rexburg, 2Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Bowling Green, United States, 3Ukrainian Association of Work and Organizational Psychology, Kiev, 4Orphans' Future, Ternopil, Ukraine
 
Content: Purpose. Our study sought to validate the Orphan Improvement Scale (OIS), which was constructed to assist Orphans' Future (OF) track the well-being of young adult (18-30 years) orphans in Ukraine. OF is a humanitarian organization whose purpose is to improve the well-being of orphans in Ukraine. OF partnered with Brigham Young University–Idaho (BYU-Idaho) and the Ukrainian Association of Work and Organizational Psychology (UAWOP) to test and implement the OIS. Design/Methodology. In order to test the reliability and validity of the OIS, we began by sampling a group of BYU-Idaho undergraduates (N = 82) for study 1; we then sampled individuals across the United States (N = 152) for study 2. We obtained reliability by calculating Cronbach’s alpha and performing a factor analysis in studies 1 and 2. We obtained convergent and discriminant validity evidence by correlating the OIS with the Subjective Well-being Scale in study 1 (r = .461, p < .001), the BBC Well-being scale in study 1 (r = .689, p < .001) and study 2 (r = .723, p < .001), the Well-being Composite Measure in study 1 (r = .591, p < .001) and study 2 (r = .638, p < .001), and the revised Life Orientation Test in study 2 by separating optimism (r = .655, p < .001) and pessimism (r = -.444, p < .001). Results. Coefficient alpha was high for the OIS in study 1 (α = .777) and in study 2 (α = .815). The OIS positively correlated with the constructs well-being and optimism, and it negatively correlated with pessimism. Limitations. For a more representative sample, UAWOP will test the OIS on a Ukraine population. Research/Practical Implications. In conclusion, these results showed that the OIS will assist OF track the well-being of young adult Ukraine orphans. Originality/Value. Only recently has OF partnered with BYU-Idaho and UAWOP to challenge the orphan crisis in Ukraine; and to our knowledge, no other well-being scale has been constructed to track the specific needs of young adult Ukrainian orphans.
 
 
 
 
 

 
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