Symposium 1221 - Recent Insights In Recovery Research: State Of The Art

Recovery and unwinding
Friday May 19   04:15 PM to 05:45 PM (1 hour 30 minutes)
GM Auditorium

Employee stress and burnout
Recovery and unwinding
Recent insights in recovery research: State of the art
E. Demerouti*, M. Cropley 1
1University of Surrey, Guildford, United Kingdom
Main Abstract Content: State of the art
The goal of this symposium is to put together and present recent insights from the area of recovery research. Recovery represents the process during which an individual’s functioning returns to its pre-stressor level and in which strain is reduced. Recovery can take different forms like cognitive (rumination, detachment) or physical (relaxation, sleep) and is suggested to represent a daily phenomenon. However, we still have limited knowledge on its long-term effects on organizational outcomes, and executive functioning as well as on possible interventions to foster recovery. Moreover, we still lack knowledge on the role of new technologies (smartphones, social media) in the recovery process.
New perspectives/Contributions
The symposium presents two daily diary studies, one intervention study, a two-wave study and a multi-sample study. Rumination was shown to inhibit executive function, and the use of social media in the evening disturbed detachment from work on a daily basis. However, the daily use of smartphones was not detrimental for energy and mindfulness when individuals were able to detach from work. Poor recovery was also found to predict health status one year later, whereas low sleep quality was related to higher sickness absence over time. Finally, relaxation exercises were found to facilitate concentration and reduce fatigue because they increased detachment.
Research/Practical Implications
These studies highlight the importance of cognitive recovery to explain why individuals are affected by work demands and why recovery interventions are effective. The elaborated designs uncovered that doing nothing after work is insufficient to recover; forgetting about work appears to be a prerequisite for good health.

Eindhoven University of Technology

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