FR-P02-100 - Women in teams: Contingency effect of gender on team creativity

Team work, creativity and innovation
Poster Presentation
3 hours 30 minutes
O'Brien Foyer
Teams and workgroups
Team work, creativity and innovation
Women in teams: Contingency effect of gender on team creativity
T. H. S. Lee 1,*, G. Park 1, Q. Li 2, S. Stevens 3, S. Bai 2
1Singapore Management University, 2Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 3Colorado State University, United States
Content: The purpose of our study is to examine if gender serves as a moderating variable between team setting and individual creative performance. Specifically, we examined how people’s belief of men’s superiority in team settings would selectively increase male members’ creative performance in teams.  
154 participants from a large university in Singapore were randomly assigned either to an individual condition or a team condition. Participants then completed an idea generation task and creativity ratings were assigned to each participant. Creativity self-efficacy (CSE) and gender creativity competency belief was also measured. The team condition was of a minimal group paradigm where no interaction was allowed; participants completed the task independently but were told that they would be sharing their ideas with each other.
The moderating effect of gender was demonstrated. Simple effects analysis revealed that males performed significantly better in the team condition than in the individual condition. In addition, there was no significant difference in creative performance between females in the team condition and females in the individual condition. This effect held regardless of baseline CSE scores. It was also found that participants in the team condition held greater beliefs in male’s creativity competency as compared to participants in the individual condition.
Team-level creativity was not assessed. Also, gender creativity competency belief was measured with only a single item.
Our finding informs team management practices, cautioning against the assumption that teams will enhance the performance of individuals indiscriminately between the genders. 
Many studies examining the effects of gender on teams study such processes and outcomes at a single level. Our study marks the incipience of a multilevel approach to this area by showing how the team setting itself could affect the creative performance of individual members differentially based on their gender.


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