Fr-SYM-1191-2 - The Sunny And The Dark Side Of Holidays: Short- And Long-Term Vacation Effects On Employee Well-Being And Performance

Recovery and unwinding
Friday May 19   11:30 AM to 12:30 PM (1 hour)
GM Auditorium
Employee stress and burnout
Recovery and unwinding
The sunny and the dark side of holidays:
Short- and long-term vacation effects on employee well-being and performance
J. De Bloom*, U. Kinnunen 1, M. Sianoja 1, C. Syrek 2, K. Korpela 1
1University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland, 2Trier University, Trier, Germany
Main Abstract Content: Purpose: Recovery from work is considered important to sustain performance, working ability and well-being. In this longitudinal study, we investigated how annual vacation days and working during vacation affect job performance and well-being in the short- and long-term. 
Methodology: Data were derived from a three-wave digital survey covering two years (N = 670). Participants (63% female; 46.6 years; 31 vacation days per year on average) worked in ten organizations from different sectors. The participants reported the number of vacation days in the year prior to the measurement, whether they worked during vacation, their performance and well-being.
Results: The majority (66%) of the sample worked never or very seldom during their holidays. People who worked during vacation were more likely men, higher educated and working longer weekly hours. Working during vacation was also positively associated with workaholism, work engagement, problem solving pondering and affective rumination during holidays. Fewer holidays and working during vacation were related to both higher levels of performance (contextual performance, creativity at work) and health problems (health and sleep complaints, exhaustion) cross-sectionally and, to a smaller degree, longitudinally.
Limitations: Self-report questionnaires may bias the results and confounding variables (e.g., personality; job characteristics) may affect vacation behaviors and outcomes.
Practical Implications: Vacationing and staying connected to work seem a double-edged sword. They relate to high performance, but also to deterioration of employee well-being in the long run.
Originality: Studies on long-term vacation effects are highly needed to assess their importance for employees and employers in detail.


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