Th-SYM-1234-6 - The differentiated voluntary or expected availability for work effects on Work-Family-Conflict (WFC)

Flexible work hours
1 hour
Accenture Theatre
Employment relations
Flexible work hours
The differentiated voluntary or expected availability for work effects on Work-Family-Conflict (WFC)
J. Dettmers 1,*
1Medical School Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
Main Abstract Content: Purpose
Studies that have investigated the effects of extended availability for work on employee well-being have provided evidence for detrimental effects on work-related well-being, recovery and WFC. However, most studies do not differentiate between extended work availability as an organizational requirement on the one hand and voluntary actions to increase the own availability on the other hand. The aim of the presented study is to analyze the differentiated effects of extended work availability on WFC with regard to external expectations or voluntary action.
680 employees completed an online-questionnaire assessing organizational expectations for extended availability, voluntary actions to remain available, and work family conflict. A second survey wave with 450 of the first participants is in progress.
Hierarchical Regression analysis revealed that both organizational expectations for extended availability and voluntary actions to remain available were independently positively related to WFC.
The survey data is cross-sectional. A second wave to analyze longitudinal data is in progress and may be presented.
Research/Practical Implications
From a theoretical point of view it is important to differentiate the effects of work characteristics that are outside the individual (organizational availability expectations) from individual voluntary behaviours. Both may be addressed by different intervention. Whereas organizational expected availability must be an issue of organizational design of availability, individual voluntary action may be addressed by person focused interventions.
This is to our knowledge the first study to include voluntary availability and organizationally expected availability into one research model.


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