Fr-SYM-1438-2 - When Does Mindfulness Work? How Mindfulness Interacts With Autonomy In Predicting Exhaustion And Adaptivity.

Track:
Emerging themes in I/O psychology
What:
Symposium
When:
Friday May 19   11:30 AM to 12:30 PM (1 hour)
Where:
Accenture Theatre
Discussion:
0
 
 
Emerging themes in I/O psychology
Fr-SYM-1438-2
When does mindfulness work? How mindfulness interacts with autonomy in predicting exhaustion and adaptivity.
M. Van Den Heuvel 1,*, P. Petrou 2
1Work and Organizational Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, 2Institute of Psychology, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, Netherlands
 
Main Abstract Content: Purpose
Daily mindfulness was expected to be positively related to daily adaptivity and negatively to daily exhaustion. Since mindfulness has shown to be beneficial when dealing with hard-to-control events like pain and chronic illness, we expected it may help those working in low-autonomy environments. We expected that the benefits of mindfulness would be particularly noticeable in work environments where employees suffer from a lack of autonomy. Thus, it was hypothesized that a) the daily relationship between mindfulness and adaptivity is stronger for employees in low-autonomy environments, and b) the daily negative link between mindfulness and exhaustion is stronger for employees in low-autonomy environments.  
Design
A heterogeneous sample of 229 Dutch employees completed a 4-day diary survey. Data was analyzed using multilevel analyses. 
Results
Daily mindfulness was positively related to daily adaptivity and negatively to daily exhaustion. The link between mindfulness and adaptivity was significant and positive for both low and high-autonomy settings, however, it became stronger for mindful employees. Unexpectedly, the negative link between mindfulness and exhaustion was only significant for employees in high-autonomy settings.
Limitations
Only self-reported data was used and no causal relationships can be assumed.  
Research/practical implications
Employees who lack freedom at work may use mindfulness to stay adaptive. However, mindfulness alone cannot off-set the exhaustion that arises from lack of autonomy at work. In order to reap the benefits of mindfulness in terms of less exhaustion, employees need to have sufficient autonomy.   
Originality/value
Mindfulness may work differently depending on work characteristics such as autonomy.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Participant
University of Amsterdam

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