Fr-SYM-1438-4 - From Emotional Exhaustion At Work To Unhappiness At Home:The Role Of Mindfulness And Personality

Emerging themes in I/O psychology
Friday May 19   11:30 AM to 12:30 PM (1 hour)
Accenture Theatre
Emerging themes in I/O psychology
From emotional exhaustion at work to unhappiness at home:
The role of mindfulness and personality
P. Petrou 1,*, W. Oerlemans 2, E. Demerouti 2
1Work & Organizational Psychology, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, 2Human Performance Management, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands
Main Abstract Content: Purpose
We expected that daily increased workload relates to emotional exhaustion (at work), which on its turn, negatively relates to happiness after work (at home). Furthermore, the negative link between exhaustion and happiness was expected to be weaker when employee mindfulness (at home) was high and employee openness to experience was high (3-way interaction).
A 5-day diary survey study was conducted among 113 Dutch employees of several occupations. Multilevel analyses were applied. 
Increased workload marginally positively related to emotional exhaustion. Additional analyses revealed that the effect was non-linear with the highest levels of exhaustion occurring with too high increased workload and the lowest levels of exhaustion experienced when increased workload was moderate. As expected, although the link between exhaustion and happiness was always significant and negative, it became weaker when employees were mindful after work and, at the same time, they were open to experience. Unexpectedly, the link was also weaker when mindfulness was low and openness was also low.
Mindfulness was not manipulated (e.g., it was not an intervention).
Research/practical implications
Mindfulness could be a promising intervention to buffer the negative effects of job stress on employees’ private lives but this seems to work best when employees are open (in other words, mindfulness is not necessarily good for everyone).   
A person-situation fit perspective seems to suggest that the negative crossover from one’s job to one’s home may be less pronounced either (1) when open individuals are mindfulness or (2) when non-open individuals are not mindful.    


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