Th-SYM-1623-2 - Effects of Proactive Problem Prevention on Daily Goal Attainment, Emotion Regulation, and Self-efficacy at Work: Action-State Orientation as a Moderator

Track:
Organizational Citizenship Behaviour
What:
Symposium
When:
1 hour
Where:
O'Connor Theatre
Discussion:
0
 
Positive organizational behaviour
Organizational Citizenship Behaviour
Th-SYM-1623-2
Effects of Proactive Problem Prevention on Daily Goal Attainment, Emotion Regulation, and Self-efficacy at Work:  Action-State Orientation as a Moderator​
A.  Schmitt 1,*, O. Weigelt 2
1University of Bamberg, Bamberg, 2University of Hagen, Hagen, Germany
 
Main Abstract Content: Purpose
An increase in daily negative work events is considered detrimental to employees’ goal attainment. Based on frameworks of self-regulation, we argue that action-state orientation moderates this relationship. Whereas action-oriented individuals can implicitly refocus on goal pursuit, state-oriented people face difficulties in self-motivation and are more likely to suffer from negative events. In this study, we focus on proactive coping strategies (i.e. change-oriented strategies aimed at preventing the reoccurrence of negative events) that may help state-oriented individuals to better attain their daily goals when negative events increase. Goal attainment may also help them regulate negative emotions elicited by adverse events throughout the work day. 
Design/Methodology
We conducted a diary study over five work days based on a heterogeneous sample of 96 employees. 
Results
Multilevel regression analyses reveal that the harmful relationship between negative events and daily goal attainment was stronger for state than for action-oriented people. The former benefited from proactive coping strategies in terms of an increased goal attainment. Daily goal attainment mediated the relationship between proactive strategies and down-regulation of negative emotions. 
Limitations
Our data refers to short-term daily relationships only. 
Research/Practical Implications
The short-term effectiveness of proactive strategies that deal with negative work events for goal attainment, and the regulation of negative emotions is advantageous only for state-oriented people. Implications for HR practices will be discussed. 
Originality/Value
This study links theory and research on affective events with proactivity research, self-regulation, and affective-cognitive aspects of personality to human behavior and well-being.
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
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