Th-SYM-1623-2 - Effects of Proactive Problem Prevention on Daily Goal Attainment, Emotion Regulation, and Self-efficacy at Work: Action-State Orientation as a Moderator

Organizational Citizenship Behaviour
jeudi 18 mai   11:30 AM à 12:30 PM (1 heure)
O'Connor Theatre
Positive organizational behaviour
Organizational Citizenship Behaviour
Effects of Proactive Problem Prevention on Daily Goal Attainment, Emotion Regulation, and Self-efficacy at Work:  Action-State Orientation as a Moderator​
A.  Schmitt 1,*, O. Weigelt 2
1University of Bamberg, Bamberg, 2University of Hagen, Hagen, Germany
Main Abstract Content: Purpose
An increase in daily negative work events is considered detrimental to employees’ goal attainment. Based on frameworks of self-regulation, we argue that action-state orientation moderates this relationship. Whereas action-oriented individuals can implicitly refocus on goal pursuit, state-oriented people face difficulties in self-motivation and are more likely to suffer from negative events. In this study, we focus on proactive coping strategies (i.e. change-oriented strategies aimed at preventing the reoccurrence of negative events) that may help state-oriented individuals to better attain their daily goals when negative events increase. Goal attainment may also help them regulate negative emotions elicited by adverse events throughout the work day. 
We conducted a diary study over five work days based on a heterogeneous sample of 96 employees. 
Multilevel regression analyses reveal that the harmful relationship between negative events and daily goal attainment was stronger for state than for action-oriented people. The former benefited from proactive coping strategies in terms of an increased goal attainment. Daily goal attainment mediated the relationship between proactive strategies and down-regulation of negative emotions. 
Our data refers to short-term daily relationships only. 
Research/Practical Implications
The short-term effectiveness of proactive strategies that deal with negative work events for goal attainment, and the regulation of negative emotions is advantageous only for state-oriented people. Implications for HR practices will be discussed. 
This study links theory and research on affective events with proactivity research, self-regulation, and affective-cognitive aspects of personality to human behavior and well-being.


Mon horaire

Ajouter à votre horaire