Description of a paradigm: learning by observing and pitching in (LOPI)

1.3 Learning, knowledge and agency
Poster in a Structured Poster Session (SPS)
Tuesday Aug 29   01:30 PM to 03:30 PM (2 hours)
This paper presents a paradigm organizing learning in many Indigenous communities of North and Central America and among families with historical roots in such communities: Learning by Observing and Pitching In (LOPI). Seven facets define LOPI’s key features: (1) Community organization includes children in family and community endeavors; (2) Learners are eager to contribute as valued members of their families and communities; (3) The social organization involves collaborative engagement as an ensemble, with flexible leadership as people coordinate fluidly with each other; (4) The goal of learning is transforming participation to contribute to the community by collaborating with consideration and responsibility; (5) Learning involves wide, keen attention, in anticipation of or during contribution to the endeavor. Guidance comes from community expectations and sometimes from other people; (6) Communication builds on the shared context available in mutual endeavors, with nonverbal and verbal conversation as well as narratives and dramatization; (7) Assessment examines support for the learner as well as the learner’s progress, to aid contributions during the endeavor. Feedback comes from the outcome of learners’ efforts and others’ response to the efforts as productive contributions. 
University of California, Santa Cruz