Skip to main page content

Optic nerve pulsatile displacement in open angle glaucoma after intraocular pressure manipulation measured by optical coherence tomography

My Session Status

What:
Paper Presentation | Présentation d'article
When:
1:37 PM, Saturday 17 Jun 2023 (5 minutes)
Where:
Québec City Convention Centre - Room 306 AB | Salle 306 AB

 

Author Block: Marisse Masis Solano1, Emmanuelle Richer2, Santiago Costantino1, Mark R. Lesk1. 1Universite de Montreal, 2Polytechnique de Montreal.

Author Disclosures: M. Masis Solano: None. E. Richer: None. S. Costantino: Funded grants or clinical trials; Name of for-profit or not-for-profit organization(s); CIHR, CSA. M.R. Lesk: Funded grants or clinical trials; Name of for-profit or not-for-profit organization(s); CIHR, CSA.


Abstract Body: 

Purpose: To apply a non-invasive optical coherence tomography (OCT) based technique to quantitatively assess the pulsatile displacement of the optic nerve head (ONH) tissue in glaucoma patients before and after lowering intraocular pressure (IOP) 

Study Design: Cohort study 

Methods: Participants with diagnosis of primary open angle glaucoma (POAG), treated with medical or surgical therapy with a minimum IOP drop of 5mmHg. Application of a simple algorithm to measure maps of local pulsatile displacement in the ONH based on high-frequency swept-source OCT imaging. Displacement was measured in a cohort of 12 participants before and after IOP lowering (both medical and surgical intervention). Intraocular pressure was measured by dynamic contour tonometry (Pascal). 

Results: Participants with POAG diagnosis (5 mild and 7 advanced) were imaged before and after intervention. Treatment modality was determined by standard medical care. Subjects with moderate glaucoma were treated medically and surgery was performed in advanced cases. Mean age was 68±4years. Mean IOP drop was 5.79mmHg. Before intervention
there was a median pulsatile displacement of neuroretinal rim tissue of 6.02±1.2μm compared to a displacement of 4.76±1.4μm after IOP decrease (p<0.005). Therefore, there was a 20% decrease in pulsatile displacement after intervention. Multivariate analysis showed no significant correlation with age, sex, disease stage or absolute IOP change for this cohort. 

Conclusions: Our non-invasive and clinically available method demonstrates a decrease in the ONH tissue pulsatility after IOP lowering. This imaging paradigm could lead to a better understanding of the biomechanical and vascular response of the ONH to glaucoma therapy. Further research is required to replicate the results but the clinical applications of our novel method show great translational promise.

X

X

 

My Session Status

Send Feedback

Session detail
Allows attendees to send short textual feedback to the organizer for a session. This is only sent to the organizer and not the speakers.
To respect data privacy rules, this option only displays profiles of attendees who have chosen to share their profile information publicly.

Changes here will affect all session detail pages